WHAT IS ADULT ACNE?
Adult acne is defined if you’re suffering from acne and are older than 25 years old.
Sometimes it stays persistent from teenage years, but sometimes it manifests later.
About 15% of adult women suffer from acne in some period of their life and about the same 15% of women suffer from acne in the menopausal period. While adult acne is related to hormones it’s mostly the change of skin reactivity to hormones rather than a change in hormonal level itself.
Two forms of adult acne are differentiated by inflammation.
One is inflammatory but not linked to the hyperproduction of the sebum. Signs are inflamed spots and constant breakouts.
The second is linked to hyperproduction of sebum but with no inflammation. Signs include oiliness, blackheads, and large pores, but with rare breakouts.
Another typical sign of adult acne is localisation – appearing on the lower part of the face and neck and very rarely forehead or cheeks.
LOOK AFTER YOUR MICROBIOME
The role of the microbiome in the development of adult acne is one of the most important and it’s scientifically proven.
Gut-skin microbiome axis is well known, and acne-related change of skin and gut microbiomes is relatively well studied today. Changes of the gut microbiome lead to the development of short-chain fatty acids in the intestine damaging not only gut barrier but the skin barrier as well.
We recommend a few beneficial changes to diet:
- Eat more raw vegetables and fruits — fibres help to restore the diversity of the microbiome.
- Eat fish (3-5 times a week).
- Eat fermented food — kimchi, fermented cabbage, miso, tofu.
A new understanding of the role of the microbiome in skin conditions including acne have recently highlighted the significance of biofilm. A pathogenic biological glue for bacteria that is often resistant to antibiotic treatment. Chronic acne is a biofilm-induced skin condition.