8 Things You Need to Know About Teenage Acne

Teenage Acne Is Hormone-related

Teenage acne is always provoked by hormonal changes. Becoming an adult is a dramatic period for our endocrine system. Adult acne can be hormonal too, but in most cases it is more complex than that and quite often stress-dependent. Classic acute manifestation of teenage acne includes extreme skin oiliness and comedones and quickly progresses to severe forms without correct treatment. Adult acne can manifest as skin sensitivity slowly progressing to inflammation. Teenage acne is easier to treat with topical skincare, whereas adult acne can be very resistant to therapy.

Teenage Acne Treatment Should Be Chosen with Caution

Systemic retinoids, such as Roaccutane, can be prescribed for severe forms of acne or as a last resort, when all else fails. The NHS only recommends Roaccutane for severe acne unresponsive to other treatments, strictly after the age of 12 and with constant medical supervision, including regular blood tests and mental health check-ups for depression, suicidal tendencies and other mental health issues.

Topical retinoids (skincare with retinoids) can be used to treat acne without the risk of serious side effects.

Teenage Acne Leads to Microbiome Imbalance, Not the Other Way Around

The hormonal tide carrying kids into adulthood is the primary cause of teenage acne. The levels of hormones increase so rapidly that the skin sometimes reacts badly. Male hormones activate the hypersecretion of sebum making the skin too oily and changing its quality. The hypersecretion of sebum leads to the change in microbiome where some pathogenic bacteria and fungi start growing and provoke inflammation with the products of their metabolism.

Teenagers can be quite distressed by acne.

Teenage Acne is Not All about Spots

Spots (pimples, blemishes) are a symptom of acne, but acne is not limited to spots, it is a much more complex long-term skin condition. Spots can also be a symptom of other skin conditions, such as rosacea, keratosis pilaris etc. If you suffer from acne, you’ll definitely have spots, but if you have spots it doesn’t necessarily mean you have acne.

Cosmetic Ingredients to Treat Teen Acne

The gold standard of acne treatment for teens is skincare based on salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids (such as tretinoin 0.05% gel). In recent years prebiotic-based products came into the spotlight, and microbiome-friendly skincare appears to be a safe and effective solution for teens, however it hasn’t yet been included into official guidelines.

No Soap Necessary

Sometimes teens (or even their parents) are so scared of acne that they use too harsh products and methods to get rid of it. There is no need to cause skin damage! New generation of anti-acne products is gentle and comfortable to use. Alcohol toners and harsh soap are very outdated.

Treat Teenage Acne without Drying the Skin

The concept of young adult skin care has taken a u turn: teenage brands offer gentle cleansers and moisturisers that don’t involve the risk of skin drying and pigmentation after treatment. I for one welcome this change! 

Recommended Routine for Acne-Prone Teens

A nice gentle cleanser with low concentration of salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide would come in handy. Use lukewarm water to wash your face, avoid hot water as it provokes inflammation.

The second must-have product is a non-oily moisturiser enriched with prebiotic, such as alpha-glucan oligosaccharide or inulin to reduce sebum production. Look for a cream with butyl avocadate, Fomes officinalis, green tea, cinnamon bark and chamomile extracts, niacinamide, zinc, phytic and azelaic acids).

Meder Beauty Product with Butyl Avocadate